to promote the study and preservation of Leyland vehicles

Leyland Journal

Leyland Journal, named after another in-house Leyland publicity publication, is the Leyland Society's annual publication available for sale to the public, and distributed free to members. Leyland Journal consists of longer articles best seen in a larger format, and which appeal to a wider audience than some of those in Leyland Torque. A4 in size and printed on glossy pages Leyland Journal, as with Leyland Torque, is lavishly illustrated with photographs from the BCVM Archive and members' own collections. Where appropriate, colour has been included. Leyland Journal is published in July of each year.

Leyland Journal is available for sale to the public direct from the Leyland Society as well as from mail order booksellers. Direct from the Leyland Society. For an order form click here

Full details of the content of all issues of Leyland Journal published to date are given below:


Leyland Journal 20 - 2018


On the Cover - Leyland Cub KG3

Leyland Lorries for Loads - Album photographs.

Leylands of the Border-County,  Fire engines in Cumberland - By Simon Ryan researches the fire engines of Northern England.

The Leyland L60, a Misunderstood Engine, Part 1 - Bill Pitcher researches the Leyland L60.

Classic Elegance from Leyland, The Royal Tiger Doyen - Ron McCulloch tells us about the history of the Royal Tiger Doyen.

Todmorden's Transport, Part 5 (1931-1939) - Mike Sutcliffe and the late Dennis O'Neill continues the story of Todmorden's Transport

On the Rear Cover - upper pic.: Leyland Titan TD5s - Garner's Buses, Bridge of Weir
lower pic.: Leyland Octpous - John Summers & Sons, Shotten


Leyland Journal 19 - 2018


On the Cover - Leyland PD2/30.

Shop Wagons - 1: Vehicles of Leyland's Internal Transport System - by Gary Dwyer


Caracas Nationals - Support Team - by Richard Lukey


The Ledgard Roof - by Don Bate


Seaside Leylands - By Simon Ryan


Todmorden's Transport, Part 4 (1921-1930) - Mike Sutcliffe and the late Dennis O'Neill continues the story of Todmorden's Transport


On the Rear Cover - Leyland Service Vehicle

upper pic.: ex War Office Leylands
lower pic.: Leyland Beaver TSC13


Leyland Journal 18 - 2016


On the Cover - Leyland-built LMS Railcar.

The KPZX Series of Leyland Cub - John Bennett takes the Cub story to its conclusion by describing the Cub bus chassis from 1936 to the end of production in World War 2 with the Z series engine.

The LMS Leyland Railcars - John Howie researches the production and operation of the three Railcars built for the LMS railway in 1933, with additional notes on the LMSNCC railcar.

Birmingham's Leyland Fire Engines - With his intimate knowledge of Birmingham's fire engines, John Thompson takes a look at some most unusual and interesting Leyland appliances supplied to the Birmingham Fire Brigade

The Leyland Leopard Story - 1959-1982 - Ron McCulloch tells us about one of Leyland's most successful products, combining the best of the Tiger Cub and the Royal Tiger Worldmaster, and which sold Worldwide for a period of 23 years.

Todmorden's Transport, Part 3 - Mike Sutcliffe and the late Dennis O'Neill tell a very detailed tale of the history of the second oldest municipal bus operator in the UK. This third part (out of a possible 6 parts) continues with the amazing Todmorden Rebuids and the very difficult conditions in the First World War, it covers the years 1913-1920.

On the Rear Cover - upper pic.: un-registered Octopus - Tile Haulage Limited.
lower pic.: Leyland Beaver of Cadbury

  Leyland Journal 17 - 2015

On the Cover - London Brick Company Leyland Cub SKZ3.

The Leyland Low Floor Double Decker Prototypes - John Howie looks at the history of the Low Floor Leyland buses.

The Leyland Cub & Lynx, produced at Ham Works, Kingston - The third part of the Cub and Leyland production by Richard Teesdale.

Dublin Fire Brigade and their Leyland Fire Engines - Simon Ryan interesting article on Leyland Fire engines in Dublin Fire Brigade.

Todmorden's Transport, Part 2 - Original text was written by the late Dennis O'Neill which has been updated by Mike Sutcliffe with additional information.

On the Rear Cover - upper pic.: Burlington Slate Limited, Coniston Leyland Bison. lower pic.: OK Motor Services - Leyland Titan PD3/6

  Leyland Journal 16 - 2014

On the Cover - Todmorden Joint Omnibus Committee Leyland PD2/1.

The Leyland Atlantean Story - 1956-1986 - Ron McCullock tells us the story about a Leyland model which was a major step forward in bus design, with its initial problems and design changes leading to a very successful vehicle.

The MT Company and Homeland Tours - John Bennett delves into the history of a coach operator which had three separate lives, mainly running Leylands, but we look at the fleet as a whole.

The Leyland Comet Fire Engines, with a focus on Windovers - David Berry gives us an insight into the background and production of a batch of Leyland Comet chassis which were used as a basis for fire engines, many of these being bodied by Windovers.

Todmorden's Transport (Part 1) - Mike Sutcliffe and the late Dennis O'Neill tell a very detailed tale of the history of the second oldest municipal bus operator in the UK. This first part gives a background to the introduction of motor buses and relates some of the difficulties faced by this pioneering operator.

On the Rear Cover - upper pic.: Walter Southworth - Leyland Beaver - NTD 242. lower pic.: Bouts Brothers Ltd - Leyland Hippo TSW1

  Leyland Journal 15 - 2013

On the Cover
- Southdown Leyland Lioness Six, LTB1

The Cub - Part 2 (1932 - 1935) - Neil D Steele. Part 2 looks at the ongoing development of the Cub models, warts and all, the sales of the Cub during a period of depression and the impending Salter report which was to have a fare reaching influence on the future design of road transport vehicles and the road transport industry in general.

The Leyland O.900 Engine - Gary Dwyer. Details and the development of the O.900 engine. The first application was in the Leyland Buffalo. The engine was also available for generator sets, rail and Maritime applications.

The Leyland Panther (& Panther Cub) - Ron McCullock. In 1958 Leyland re-wrote contemporary double-deck bus design with the Atlantean. In this article we covered the development of the Leyland single-deck vehicle - The Leyland Panther.

Ben Richardson's Leylands - Mike Sutcliffe, MBE. This article should be regarded as Chapter 23 in the "Early History of Leyland" series. In this article, we concentrate on the further development of Leyland buses in London, but particularly concentrating on the exploits of William Benjamin Richardson which led to the eventual formation of the United Counties Omnibus Company. 22 pages, including many photographs.

On the Rear Cover - upper pic.: Jacobs Biscuits - Leyland Octopus KKD 741. lower pic.: Hants & Dorset A28, Leyland Titan TD3 - LJ 9402

  Leyland Journal 14 - 2012

On the Cover - The Saudia Leyland Williams Grand Prix Car, with the the Leyland Landtrain and Leyland Roadtrain.

Challenges Ahead. - Gary Dwyer. Some present day topics, and comments on this issue.

The Leyland Olympic - John Howie. In 1948, when Leyland were starting to adapt to post war production, it was decided to produce a single deck bus, chassisless, and with an underfloor engine. This very interesting article extends to 7 pages tracing the progress of the development of this bus which was produced with Metro-Cammell Weyman.

The Ergomatic Cab. Part 2. - Gary Dwyer. 11 pages. This second part of a 2 part article of the Leyland Ergomatic Cab deals with the changes in specification, improvements, and subsequent use of Ergomatic components on other vehicles

The Leyland-Crossley "Y" Types and the First Leyland Buses in London - Mike Sutcliffe, MBE. This article should be regarded as No. 22 in the "Early History of Leyland" series, and deals with the first petrol engined buses produced from 1904 onwards. 18 pages, including many photos and 3 tables.

The "Cub". Part 1 (1927-1931) - Neil Steele. The Cub, both in goods and passenger version became one of Leyland Motors best selling range of vehicles in the 1930's. Neil's very readable article deals with all the relavent aspects of it's production and development. 11 pages, well illustrated.

On the Rear Cover - upper pic.: R. Chisnell & Sons Leyland Olympic HR 40. lower pic.: An Ergo' cabbed Buffalo belonging to Agricultural Supply Co. (Fairford) Ltd, Glos.

  Leyland Journal 13 - 2011

On the Cover - One of two 1947 Tiger PS2/10 for use on airport work.

Uncertain Times. - Gary Dwyer. Reflections from the Editorial Office on the present uncertain times we find ourselves in, and also the effect it is having on Leyland Trucks.

"Octopus" Part 2. - Neil Steele. 1960 saw the introduction of an entirely new range of heavy goods vehicles, all 8 wheelers, four haulage and one tipper chassis. Neil gives us a wealth of technical detail of both the power units and chassis of these LAD cabbed lorries. The Ergomatic cab appeared in 1964, and finally the Octopus was phased out in 1980 .

The Leyland-Crossley "Y" Types. - Mike Sutcliffe, MBE. The article starts with a look at who's who in The Lancashire Steam Motor Company in 1903. This is followed by the formation of Leyland Motors Ltd in 1907, and a description of the Company's premises, together with some of the key people who ran the show. Next follows a detailed look at the first petrol engined vehicles produced, and who bought them.

Leyland Motors In Wartime. - John Howie. Quite a lot has been written about Leyland Motors between and after WW2, but not a lot relating to the war years. John's article fills this gap very well. As well as what the company made, there is a lot of other information such as the employment of women to replace the men who joined the services, air raid damage, security, and other things that had to be faced up to because the country was at war. Two months after the war, the Company staged a "War Products Exhibition" and the appendix contains a list of Military Vehicle designations, and Wheeled vehicle designations.

The Pre-War Tigers. - David Moores. North Western came into being on 23rd April 1923 as a result of Thomas Tilling's interest in B.A.T. The article deals with the very significant contribution made by the many Leyland Tigers that the Company purchased between the late 1920's and 1937. The article concludes with a complete list of all Tigers bought, sold, and body details.

The Ergomatic Cab. Part 1. - Gary Dwyer. This famous Leyland Cab made it's first appearence at the 1964 Earls Court Motor Show. This first very readable article deals with initial concept and design of the cab and it's production application to not only Leyland lorries, but AEC and Albion as well. At last it was realised how important it was for the driver to have a comfortable place to work.

  Leyland Journal 12 - 2010

On the Cover - A 1949 Octopus Tanker in Fina livery at a refinery.

Chairman's Message. - Ron Phillips looks back over the last 12 months of recession, last years Gathering at Farington, a former Leyland Factory site, and this years gathering at the BCVM.

30 Years of T 45. - Gary Dwyer. This well illustrated 13 page article gives us a very interesting account of Leyland's final attempt to remain as a maker of large and medium sized trucks. The T 45 was first conceived in the mid 70's and launched in 1980, powered by the TL 12 engine, and called the Roadtrain. Other models of varying size and weight were developed, with an option of other power units, until production ceased shortly after the merger with DAF. The article also takes a look at how these vehicles were used in Cyprus and Malta.

Pre War Leyland All-Metal Bodies. - A series of 6 Photos, all Double Deckers.

Leyland's Post-War Coach Body. - John Howie. The1950, Commercial Motor Show saw the launch of the Company's first post war single deck coach body, which was was designed exclusively for the Royal Tiger chassis. The article tells us of the design and development of the last and short lived luxury coach body. 10 pages including lots of photos and a summary of Royal Tiger Coaches 1950-1953.

"Octopus" Part 1. - Neil Steele. We take a look at the development of this 8 wheeler which was synonymous with the Leyland name from the 1930's onwards. Includes construction and power unit detail.

Post-War Lions. - Part 2. Peter Tulloch, John Shearman & Mike Sutcliffe MBE. This second part describes all the right hand drive vehicles on a country by country basis. Includes a chassis list.

On the rear cover, 2 photos of South Lancs Trolley Buses.

  Leyland Journal 11 - 2009

On the Cover - A Hants & Sussex Leyland PD1 .

Hard Times. - A review of how Leyland Motors coped with previous ecconomic downturns from the first world war to the present day.

Hants & Sussex Leyland Titan PD1 'Deckers. - Alan Lambert. Basil Williams formed this small company with a grand sounding name in 1937. Just after the war, 11 PD1's were bought, which was a mixture of high & lowbridge bodies. The article tells the storey of the Company and what happened to the various Leylands it owned.

The Beaver Six Tec1 & 2 and Steer. - Gary Dwyer & Neil Steele. In the late 30's, Leyland wanted a heavy goods vehicle that would bridge the gap between the Beaver Six and the hippo. A very informative account of the development of the Steer right up to the eighties. A lot of interesting technical information.

Leyland Motors In The 1950s. - Malcolm Margetts. The author started his working life as a Leyland Apprentice in 1953, and spent most of his working life with the company. This very readable and well written article looks at what was going on in the Company during it's most interesting period of development.

Post-War Lions. - Part 1. John Shearman, Peter Tulloch, & Mike Sutcliffe MBE. This single deck bus/coach chassis was too long for the home market, which resulted in all of these vehicles going for export. A detailed look at the total production of this bus/coach, described by "Commercial Motor" thus: Worldmaster+Atlantean = Lion.

On the rear cover, Two mid 70's Lorries.

  Leyland Journal 10 - 2008

On the Cover - A Leyland petrol tram at Morecambe during WW1, fitted with a gas bag on the roof (see Mike Sutcliffe's article).

Ten Years On - Editorial on the first decade of the Leyland Society.

Leyland's Petrol Trams - and early petrol rail cars. A 12 page article by Mike Sutcliffe, illustrated with a number of photographs and drawings and covering areas from Parahyba, Brazil to Central South Africa and Morecambe.

Moving trams by road - by Ron Phillips: Gosport to Grimsby on a Leyland lorry.

Leyland double deck bodies fitted with rear doors. - An 11 page article by Ron Phillips, well illustrated with a number of photographs: Pre- and post-war enclosed platform Titans.

At your own risk. - Ron Phillips looks at the old habit of boarding and alighting from vehicles on the move.

The Leyland Badger. - Neil D. Steele: A look at the pre-war and post-war models.

What happened to the Premier Line Tigers? - A follow-up to the article in Journal No.7 by John Bennett and Mike Sutcliffe. The article also includes a chart of those produced and what happened to them.

On the rear cover, two photos of the Leyland Badger (also subject of an article in this issue).

  Leyland Journal 9 - 2007

On the Cover - A Leyland Titan: the former pre-production FHG 592S in service with Fishwick & Sons. and

The Fishwick Centenary - Mike Sutcliffe writes on the company's 100 years in the transport business, illustrated with 16 photographs.

The Post-War service bus body - John Howie's survey of the Leyland built Royal Tiger bus body, also illustrated with a number of photographs.

Development of the T45 range. - Gary Dwyer writes on the Leyland models derived from the Roadtrain: from Constructor through to the Scammell engineered versions sold to the British army.

Scammells in the Leyland fold. - Ron Phillips writes some notes on the numbering of Scammells post 1951.

Thoughts on the PD prototype. - An article by Alan Townsin on the Leyland double-deck bus production 1940 - 1946: a follow-on to the article by David Bailey and Alan Pritchard in last year's Journal 8.

BUT Trolleybuses in Spain. - New facts and photographs of British trolleybuses by Ron Phillips.

On the rear cover, two photos of a Leyland Badger in use as a brewer's dray, to celebrate the 40th year since its introduction.

  Leyland Journal 8 - 2006

On the Cover - A Leyland Hippo of Convoys Ltd., London EC4 was new in January 1936,

The Post-War Titan Prototype - David Bailey and Alan Pritchard. This interesting and well written article begins with Alan telling the reader how he came to get possession of the late David Bailey’s notes made researching this project. This is the first article and starts off by explaining how the post-war double deck chassis (PD’s), were designed and developed. A tremendous amount of information on this project is in this article and will delight the enthusiast.

Leylands For The Navy Fire Service. - A short illustrated Text from Neil Steele.

Leyland Motors at Leyland. - Fred Boulton. The author began his career at the Company as a Student Apprentice in 1960 and finished up as a Chief engineer. As well as a detailed insight into the day to day life of a Leyland employee, there is a tremendous amount of information about each of the various sites that made up Leyland Motors Ltd.

A Sum Of The parts. - Leyland parts, drawings and schedules. Ron Phillips. This article tells how Leyland Motors, from about 1930, kept track of the parts that went into the construction of the vehicles they produced, and thereby would be able to supply parts to vehicle owners. This article looks in depth and detail at what must have been a huge task to ensure the efficient production and after sales service of Leyland Trucks and Buses.

Leylands In Cape Town. - Ron Phillips. This article traces the storey of the Company’s involvement in providing buses for this city, starting in 1928. The article also contains a few notes on commercial vehicles Tiger, Tiger, Burning Bright. Ron McCullock. A comprehensive review of the production of the 1980's mid engined coach, The Leyland Tiger TR series.

Leyland FKT 1 Fire Engines For The army. - Another contribution from Neil Steele.

On the rear cover, photos of two post-war Leyland Tigers: above, a PS1/1 with a 37 seat body by D.J. Davies, new in 1950, below that, Yorkshire Traction No.780, a PS1 with a 32 seat body to B.E.F. design.

  Leyland Journal 7 - 2005

On the Cover - A Leyland National 2 of Lothian Region Transport.

Who had the oldest Leyland? - Mike Sutcliffe writes on Leyland's own search for a 'winner' in 1932

70th Birthday of Leyland Journal - Some notes from the 1935 edition, by Ron Phillips.

The Premier Line Tigers - A tale of over-optimistic expansion in the home counties, by Mike Sutcliffe.

Additional Information. . . - The oldest lorries in 1932, some further notes.

The Latter Days of Leyland Bus - Recollections and Reminiscences: David Burnicle speaks from personal experience of the 1977 - 1987 period at Leyland's bus plants.

Liverpool's Leyland Fire Engines - Neil D. Steele describes the fleet of Leyland fire appliances used by Liverpool Fire Brigade 1913 - 1942.

Leylands in the Highlands - Gordon Baron writes on the operations of Sutherland Transport & Trading Co. and of Pulford Transport.

On the rear cover, photos of two unusual Leyland Lorries in service in Iraq: an Interim Hippo built from surplus Hippo Mk II components, and a Super Beaver prime mover with passenger trailer.

  Leyland Journal 6 - 2004

On the Cover - A Leyland publicity photo taken at Hastings

Thomas Transmission - Mike Sutcliffe writes of one of Parry Thomas's inventions, as used in the Leyland Petrol-Electrics.

The Leyland Buses of Madrid - 30 years of selling buses to Spain's capital, by Ron Phillips.

Transportation of Flour - The history of moving a basic product, by Graham Edge.

Silcox of Pembroke Dock - The story of Silcox Leylands, by John Bennett.

Big Fire at Chorley - The fire on Christmas Eve, 1926. An article transcribed by Gordon Baron from a copy-print produced by the Chorley Library.

On the rear cover, two photos of lorries with the "Leyland Lorries for Loads" slogan.

  Leyland Journal 5 - 2003

Something to Celebrate - a brief word on centenaries at both Wigan and Eastbourne Corporations, prolific Leyland users.

The Buses of Eastbourne - Mike Sutcliffe and Ron Phillips give thorough coverage of the many Leylands used during this Corporation bus fleet's century of service.

Leyland's "Badge Engineering" - Ron Phillips considers various names used on similar models within the Leyland group.

Mann, Crossman and Paulin Ltd. - Mike Sutcliffe details the early wagons of a London brewery.

Two Fire Engine Exports - Neil D. Steele on fire appliances for overseas.

How Fast Did They Go? - Mike Sutcliffe on how gears, rear axles and tyres affect performance.

  Leyland Journal 4 - 2002

Llanelly's Leyland Trolleybuses - Ron Phillips looks behind the scenes of Leyland's first 'production' trolleybuses.

Food For Thought - a Leyland railcar with early metal body, diesel engine and torque convertor.

Leyland in the Decling Years - an insight by Chris Cernes, formerly Leyland Motors Chief Engineer, into the T25 Leyland Marathon conception and development. Adapted from his address to the Leyland Society 2001 AGM.

Leyland's First 'Side-Types' - Mike Sutcliffe describes forward control Leylands of 1922-1930.

The Leyland - She's A Lady - Ron Phillips considers the diverse forms of the Leyland Lioness.

Bodywork by Leyland - a brief summary of production from Leyland, Chorley, Kingston and Lillyhall.

  Leyland Journal 3 - 2001

The Leyland 500 Engine - Fred Boulton tells the inside story of the development of the "headless wonder".

Leyland Technical Centre - advertising feature from one of the remaining parts of the Leyland Motors empire.

Leyland Low Floor Trolleybus - Ron Phillips investigates a twin motor low height double decker.

The Leyland Menagerie - some rarer Leyland models.

Leyland's Shaft Driven Steamers - Mike Sutcliffe describes a rare breed.

An Unusual Lion - a Strachan bodied LT5A for Western Australia.

Leyland's Gearless Buses - Alan Townsin examines the Torque converter.

Leyland Trucks Today - examining the new range of products at the Leyland Trucks factory.

The Ubiquitous Trojan - Mike Worthington-Williams writes on this Leyland built car and van chassis.

Lancs United - Leyland User - Mark Green looks at the Leopards used by his local operator.

  Leyland Journal 2 - 2000

Leyland Gas Turbine Truck - Fred Boulton, a key member of the design team on this project, recalls this innovative form of propulsion.

Unfrozen Leyland Buses - Alan Townsin retells a piece of wartime history.

London Brick Leylands - Bill Aldridge looks at a once large Leyland delivery fleet.

Recognising Leylands - 1904-1914 petrol vehicles - Mike Sutcliffe provides a detailed guide to early Leyland production.

Memories of an 'RAF' Leyland - Edwin F. Hodgkiss provides interesting and amusing stories of driving a 1918 RAF model.

The Leyland National 2 - Laurence MacDuff's appreciation of the type in Scotland.

  Leyland Journal 1 - 1999

A Leyland Enthusiast Remembers - Jack N. Barlow looks back on his memories of Leylands from 80 years ago.

Leyland Metal Framed Bodies - Ron Phillips looks at a disaster that became a triumph.

The City of Plymouth Fire Brigade Leyland Beavers - Neil Steele writes on Leyland fire appliances from the 1960's.

Recognising Leylands - the 'RAF type' family - a comprehensive guide courtesy of Mike Sutcliffe.

The Lion of Olympia - Mike Worthington-Williams tells the fascinating story of the Leyland Eight touring car from the 1920's.

Proud Lancastrians - Graham Edge reminisces on Leyland lorries.

  The Leyland Society Ltd. is a Registered Charity No. 1137856. Registered in England No.4653772.